Stones Styles 101

Stone Categories Explained

Thin Stone Veneer Natural Thin Stone Vener Thin veneer stone is the sawn surface of traditional full bed building stone products. Unlike the conventional stone products, packaged and sold by the ton, our thin veneer is sold by the square foot as flats or by the linear foot as corners. Corners are critical as they cover the overall material depth of any project.

By staying under 15 lbs per square foot the installation process is further simplified by eliminating the need for a ledge footing, wall ties and other additional reinforcements. The stone can be applied inside or out, covering brick, block, concrete or wooden framed structures.

Natural Thin Stone Veneer

Full Bed Building Stone Building Stone Veneer has been the way of using natural stone for centuries. The Building Stone Veneer, also known as FULL BED veneer, is a full profile stone veneer that ranges from 3-5” thickness and is recognized as the heaviest and densest out of all the stone options.

Sourced throughout Northern New England and New York’s native woodlands, mountainsides and quarries, we offer an immensely diverse palette of natural stone veneer. Our full bed building stone offers strength, durability and a distinctive beauty that can only be achieved with natural stone.

Our full-bed building stone products are available in four cuts that can be blended together in endless combinations to create a unique look.

Natural Full Bed Building Stone

Manufactured Stone Vivace Milano Bergamo Concrete Veneer Stone for Sale Architectural stone products offer quality, style, durability and consistency. Smooth or textured surfaces combined with clean lines to create a fluid stone system that can be installed with great efficiency.

Our innovative products encourage creativity resulting in architectural designs that inspire market trends. With numerous styles and colors of manufactured stone veneer, the right natural element can be found for any residential, commercial, institutional, or industrial project.

Available in rich, bold colors or subtle, earthy tones this aesthetic element can complement its surrounding area when designed to blend in or can become a stunning focal point.

Manufactured Stone

Bricks & Blocks Bricks and Blocks Clay bricks are the most sustainable building product available and have been used in construction for more than 5,000 years. Known for its natural energy-efficient properties, bricks are suitable for any design style from historical to contemporary. The variety of sizes available make it a versatile choice that can be scaled to suit any project. Our superior manufacturing process results in consistent quality that meets or exceeds strict engineering standards.

The strength of our concrete blocks make them suitable for use as a load bearing or single width wall. These structural elements are available in a wide variety of colors from neutral grays and whites to dark, designer tones. With three types of finishes and a versatile choice of sizes this line delivers the performance and aesthetic appeal that many commercial jobs demand.

Bricks & Blocks


Stone Cuts

Ledge Cut Natural stone, American Granite

Ledge

Ledge stone features a rectangular shape which follows a linear appearance with shallower, less variable height. Both the seam and split faces can be seen, with the split face dominating the stone blend.

  • Thickness: 3/4″ to 1 1/2″
  • Height: 1″+/- to 5″+/-
  • Length: 6”+/- to – 12”+/-
  • Corners: 3″ return minimum
  • Weight: up to 15 lbs per sq f
Mosaic Cut Natural Stone, American Granite

Mosaic

Mosaic stone is an Irregular shaped quarry material exhibiting the seam face and/or the natural face of the stone. No shape is the same size or cut, making each stone truly unique.

  • Thickness: 3/4″ to 1 1/2″
  • Facing Area per piece: 1/4 sq ft +/- to 1 1/4 sq ft +/-
  • Corners: 3″ return minimum
  • Weight: up to 15 lbs per sq ft
Square Cut Natural Stone, American Granite

Square & Rectangle

These natural seam faced pieces are guillotined and formed into rough squares and rectangles.

  • Thickness: 3/4″ to 1 1/2″
  • Facing Area per piece: 1/4 sq ft +/- to 1 1/4 sq ft +/-
  • Corners: 3″ return minimum
  • Weight: up to 15 lbs per sq ft
Ashlar Cut Natural Stone, American Granite

Ashlar

This stone provides a linear look with its long, fairly rectangular shapes. Ashlar/strip exhibits the face of the stone, revealing striations that can be very colorful.

  • Thickness: 3/4” to 1 1/2”
  • Height: 4″ +/- to 12″ +/-
  • Length: 6″ +/- to 12″ +/-
  • Corners: 3″ return minimum
  • Weight: up to 15 lbs per sq ft

Stone Glossary

Air & Water Barrier

A fluid membrane that cures to provide weather protection against water damage, cracking, vapor, wind and air.


Building Stone

A full profile stone block that typically ranges from 3″-5″ thickness


Cladding

A covering or a coating on a structure often applied to increase thermal energy efficiency and/or improve aesthetics.


Cultured Stone

(Also referred to as manufactured stone) concrete poured into a mold then colored to look like real stone.


Dry-Stack

(Also referred to as dry-laid) a technique used in the construction of stone walls in which no mortar is used to hold the stones together. This is generally used for retaining walls with the stones stacked in an interlocking manner and slight backward incline.


Face

The portion of the stone that is exposed.


Field Stone

An individual piece of stone separated from ledge by nature and used in its natural form.


Garnet

A precious stone consisting of a deep red vitreous silicate mineral.


Grain

The pattern produced by the arrangement of particulate constituents. The particles of a rock.


Granite

A very hard, granular, crystalline, igneous rock consisting mainly of quartz, mica, and feldspar and often used as a building stone.


Grout

The mortar used to fill the crevices between the stones.


Hearth Stone

A flat stone used for the area in front of a fireplace or underneath a stove.


Joint

The space between the pieces of stone, often times filled with grout.


Limestone

A hard sedimentary rock, composed mainly of calcium carbonate or dolomite, used as building material and in the making of cement.


Metamorphic rock

Starts as one type of rock and – with pressure, heat, and time – gradually change into a new type of rock.


Mica schist

A stone whose essential constituents are mica and quartz, and whose schistosity is mainly due to the parallel arrangement of mica flakes.


Mortar

A workable paste that hardens to adhere stone to a surface or is used to fill and seal the gaps between stones


MVIS

(Masonry Veneer Installation System) A system developed to adhere masonry veneers, using revolutionary products engineered to provide a permanent, high strength installation.


Natural Cleft

When stones are cleaved or separated along a natural seam to reveal its natural characteristics. It will contain subtle variations and fluctuations in face reveal and color appearance.


Natural Stone

Products quarried from the earth, used over many thousands of years as building materials and decorative enhancements


Palletized Stone

A method of storing and transporting stone in which the stone is stacked on a wooden pallet.


Pointing

Refers to the finishing of the joints with mortar or caulking. Some finished joint styles include concave, V-shaped, raked, flush, beaded, etc.


Quarry

A site from which usable stone is extracted from the ground.


Quartz

A hard white or colorless mineral consisting of silicon dioxide, found widely in igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary rocks. It is often colored by impurities.


Quartzite

An extremely compact, hard, granular rock consisting essentially of quartz. It often occurs as silicified sandstone.


Quartzitic sandstone

A sandstone made mostly of quartz grains


Return

The right angle face and edge of a corner piece of stone.


Rise

The height measurement of a piece of stone veneer.


Sandstone

A sedimentary rock consisting of mostly sand-size grains of quartz, or feldspar. Sandstone forms in many colors due to impurities within the minerals.


Sawn Edge

A smooth edge of stone that has been cut with a saw blade, as in the back edge of sawn back thin veneer.


Schist

A coarse-grained metamorphic rock which consists of layers of different minerals and can be split into thin irregular plates.


Sedimentary

Rock that has formed from sediment deposited by water or air.


Slate

A fine-grained metamorphic rock easily split into smooth, flat pieces.


Split

Division of rock by cleavage usually along planes of relative weakness.


Split Face

When stone is split against the grain showing its natural texture and stratification.


Tolerance

A commonly accepted variation in dimension.


Trowel

A handheld tool with a flat, pointed blade used to apply and spread mortar.


Veining

Layers or sheets of minerals that have crystallized inside the rock resulting in elongated, curvy and sometimes zigzagging lines that dance across and cut through natural stone.


Veneer

A thin protective or ornamental facing applied over another surface which is not meant to be load bearing.


Weathering

The process of natural modification on the exposed surface of a stone caused by temperature changes, plants, animals, acid, salts, water, etc.


We’re Here to Help

Our expert staff is here to help answer any questions you have about your next stone project.

  • This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.